[英語]We desire Japanese government to keep condemning a nation's terrorism.


Have I made myself clear?
▲make oneself clear

He means the world to her.
▲means the world to 〜:〜にとってかけがえのない人である。

Don't cut me off before I finish.
▲Don't cut me off

She's easily moved to tears.
▲easily moved to tears

What should I use for an excuse?

Keep practicing to improve your English skills.

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[英語]Statements without action are meaningless in diplomacy.


I have no regrets about what I did.
▲have no regrets:悔いはない。

Her face burned with shame.
▲burned with shame

Don't be overconfident.

Can I have a rain check?
▲have a rain check:またの機会にする。

I don't have any breathing space.
▲breathing space:一息つく暇

Words without action are meaningless.

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[英語]Nothing happens unless you take action.


I'll leave it to your imagination.
▲leave 〜 imagination

I couldn't have said it better.
▲I couldn't have said it better.:それはうまい言い方だよね。

You care too much what other people think.
▲care too much:気にしすぎ

That doesn't mean a thing to me.
▲doesn't mean a thing:何の意味もない

Sorry, I didn't quite catch that.

Nothing happens unless you take action.


He has an amiable disposition.
▲amiable disposition:人に好かれる性格

She's aging very gracefully.

That hairstyle takes five years off of you.
▲take 〜 off of

She's out of my league.
▲out of my league

He's on the cutting edge in this field.
▲on the cutting edge

There’s no replacement for daily effort.

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[英語]Believe in yourself and move forward.



He has an apologetic look on his face.

It's not like you to be late for a meeting.
▲It's not like you:君らしくない。

I don't believe a word of his story.
▲don't believe a word of 〜

This area isn't familiar to me.
▲be familiar to 〜

This article mentions her company.

Don't let your English rust away.


How does ordering pizza sound?
▲how 〜 sound?

What he said is way off the mark.
▲way off the mark:全く的外れ

I'm coffeed out today.
▲be coffeed out

He thinks of Japan as his second home.
▲think of 〜 as …

Doesn't it feel hot in here?
▲Doesn't it feel hot in here?:この中、暑くない?

Believe in yourself and move forward.

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[英語]Don't give up before you start.


That's not saying much.
▲That's not saying much.:そんなのは当然だよ。(決まり文句)

Do you understand the punch line?
▲the punch line:話の落ち

That player has seen better days.
▲has seen better days:全盛期があった。羽振りが良かった。

I can't decide which to choose.
▲which to choose

I can't stress this point enough.
▲can't stress

Don't give up before you start.

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[英語]Procrastination delays Japanese Politics.


Do I know you from somewhere?
▲know 〜 from somewhere

Say hi to my friend Julia.
▲Say hi to 〜:〜によろしく。

Am I getting my point across?
▲get 〜 across:〜を分からせる。

That's the farthest thing from my mind.

There's no limit to your worries.
▲There's no limit to 〜

Procrastination delays your improvement.

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[英語]Don't make me say it.


Don't make me say it.
▲make me say

He's good at cracking people up.
▲cracking up:大笑いさせる。

There's no need to be so nervous.
▲There's no need 〜:〜する必要はない。

His story was a little farfetched.

You can take that to the bank.
▲take 〜 to the bank

Whenever the follow cross to you, practice your English.

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[英語][ドイツ近代哲学]Kant's Transcendental Idealism


Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), a native of Koenigsberg in Prussia, was educated at Koenigsberg University, which became famous as a center of philosophy through his long tenure its faculty. Kant had been profoundly influenced by the works of Leibniz, Newton, and Hume, as well as (to a lesser degree) by Rousseau, Voltaire, and the British Deists and Intuitionists. Publication of his Critique of Pure Reason in 1781 initiated a new era in philosophical thought.

His most significant writings, in addition to the Critique of Pure Reason, were his Critique of Practical Reason (1788), Critique of Judgment (1790), Prolegomena to Every Future System of Metaphysics (1793), Religion within the Limits of Pure Reason (1784), Fundamental Principles of Metaphysics of Morals (1785), and Eternal Peace (1795). The first three works developed the foundations of his philosophy, expounding his transcendental method as applied to epistemology (in the Critique of Pure Reason), ethics (in the Critique of Practical Reason), and aesthetics (in the Critique of Judgment).

All three critiques analyze the a priori aspects of the mind, i.e., mental functions prior to sense experience. Kant realized that it would be necessary, first, to explore the nature of the mind itself, and second, to trace the connections between its a priori nature and its a posteriori sense impressions in order to unite or synthesize these two aspects of mental activity.

Kant's Epistemological Problem.
In his Critique of Pure Reason Kant delved into the fundamental epistemological question, "How are a priori synthetic judgments possible?" In other words, how can we explain the possibility of scientific knowledge, or, more precisely, that relationship between cause and effect which enables the mind to grasp scientific truths?

It will be recalled that David Hume had negated the laws of causation as unverifiable be means of sense experience, reducing cause-effect relationships to the status of mere habitual assumptions. Kant was unable to cope with the Humean problem on the basis of Cartesian Rationalism, but he was inspired by Leibniz’ reference to the human mind as an active process, as something more than sense impressions. The idea that the intellect possesses a character and powers of its own, he felt, would enable him to prove that scientific laws, particularly the Newtonian laws he admired, are valid demonstrable truths. His analysis divided the process of attaining knowledge into three stages: (1) the transcendental aesthetic; (2) the transcendental analytic; and (3) the transcendental dialectic. Instead of choosing between the Rationalist view that knowledge is derived from innate ideas and the Empiricist view that its source is sense experience, Kant analyzed the nature of the act of knowing, and he concluded that both the mind endowed with a priori perceptions and the sensory impressions must unite tu yield scientific (or valid) knowledge.

Moral law.
The main purpose of Kant’s system of ethics was to formulate moral laws as those necessary and universal objects of the human will which must be accepted as valid for everyone. Kant concluded that there are moral laws which he described as the categorical imperative, constituting moral commands which every person is bound to obey irrespective of the particular circumstances confronting him. The individual must will to obey the moral law without exception. Right is right and must be done even under the most extreme conditions. “Let justice be done though the heavens fall.”

We know what is morally right a priori, by intuition, without having to consider practical circumstances. Indeed, the facts in a situation have no bearing upon the moral law, which must govern all conduct despite either the consequences which may follow from obeying the law or the conditions under which it is obeyed. The moral law does not depend upon what we want, desire, like, or love; it is a statement of what we ought to will. Kant asserted that “I ought” implies “I can”; if the categorical imperative obligates the will to obey a moral command, it must necessarily follow that the individual has the power to carry out the obligation. What is not within one’s power to do, can never be a moral obligation.

Nature of the Categorical Imperative.
The moral command which every person has the duty to obey --- the categorical imperative --- allows of no exceptions. It is universal, so that whatever is morally right for one person to do, is right for all, and whatever is morally wrong for him is wrong for all. Kant’s maxim is a philosophical version of the Golden Rule: “Act only on that maxim whereby you can at the same will that it should become a universal law.”

Consider an example of the categorical imperative. It might seem wise or prudent to break a promise because other people might be harmed if you kept your promise. But do you have a moral right to break a promise? Not according to Kant’s categorical imperative, for that principle states that your action must be universally applicable, and surely you would not wish everyone to have the moral right to break promises whenever he so desires. It is therefore your duty to keep your promise, just as you would expect others to keep their pledges. The categorical imperative is a moral law binding upon every person so that what is right for one is right for all humanity: you must “act as if the maxim from which you act were to become your will a universal law of nature.”
(W. S. Sahakian, Outline-History of Philosophy.)


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[英語]"Give it all you've got, and you'll never regret it."


She's quick on the uptake.
▲quick on the uptake:飲み込みが早い。

He's forceful, but in a good way.

Don't eat pork if it's pink in the middle.
▲pink in the middle

Do you mind if I eat all that's left?
▲all that's left:残りを全部

Sorry to bother you when you're busy.
▲Sorry to bother you 〜

Give it all you've got, and you'll never regret it.

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[英語]Steady effort is quite habit-forming for me!?


We're just spinning our wheels.
▲spinning our wheels:無駄な努力をする。

This TV show is quite habit-forming.

What have you got scheduled for Friday?

I've had enough of these commercials.
▲have had enough of 〜

I told her so out of kindness.
▲out of kindness

What you need now is steady effort.

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 今日は哲学者スピノザ(Baruch De Spinoza[ベネディクトゥス・デ・スピノザ{Benedictus De Spinoza}]、1632〜1677、オランダ)についての紹介を英語で。

Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677), a Jewish philosopher, reasoning that he could be equally as blessed in Latin as in Hebrew, changed his name from Baruch (Hebrew for bressed) to the Latin, Benedict, as a result of his excommunication in 1656 from the Jewish synagogue. Spinoza's parents were crypto-Jews (Jews converted to Christianity by force during the Spanish Inquisition, yet remaining Jews in spirit) who fled Portugal for Holland (where Benedict was born) because the Union of Utrecht had decreed freedom or religion.

Benedict was trained by rabbis in a Hrbrew school where he came under the tutelage of Saul Morteira and Manasseh ben Israel, the most eminent scholors of the Jewish community. (It is known that in 1670 Spinoza lived at Rijnsburg, situated not far from Amsterdam and Leyden; for a few years prior to his death, he lived in The Hague.) Having attained considerable renown for his ideas, he was offered the chair of philosophy at Heiderburg University in 1673, which he refused because he cherished absolute freedom of thought in his pursuit of philosophical truth. He earned his living by grinding lenses and giving private instruction as a tutor.

Spinoza defined God as a Being absolutely infinite, necessarily existent (the ontological argument), and identical with the ultimate stuff or substance of the world. He described substance as "that which is in itself, and is conceived through itself: in other words, that of which a conception can be formed independently of ant other conception." But of these infinite attributes of God (or substance) we have acknowledge of only two: mind and matter. Since ultimate reality (substance), as humans know it, is both thought and extension, God is a thinking thing and also an extended thing, for these are the only divive attributes known to man, who must remain ignorant bout the infinity of God. (Note here Spinoza's adherence to a negative theology).

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[英語]Don't overdo it when you concentrate to watch today's match of World Cup on TV.


Don't overdo it when you exercise.
▲overdo it:やり過ぎる。

Does this tie go with my suit?
▲go with 〜

A great idea just popped into my head.

I don't want to bring on any trouble.
▲bring on 〜

This trash stinks to high heaven.
▲stinks to high heaven:とんでもなく臭い。

We are here every day to back you up.

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[英語]Instruction manual


Put the battery correctly. Otherwise, it may be cause generate heat, electric shock, and breakdown when making a mistake.
When it is used for a long time, the time can become incorrect. At that time, please set the clock.
When a battery power shortage the time may bocomes incorrect, so charge the batteries regularly. Charge a new battery when battery power shotage.
Never use a rechargeable (Nicad etc.) battery.
Please remove the battery when not use it for a long time. It may cause the liquid leakage.
Please do not drop, and also do not give the high impact on the clock. (The hands may drop off or breakdown.)
Never use the battery that leaks liquid, if the liquid into one's eyes by accident.
Please wash in water at once, and consult the doctor, please wash in water immediately when the skin and clothes were stained.

These commodities have carried final inspection before leave factory. But because these are precise commodities, therefore they are easy to happen some problems, especially in the transit from the factory to your hands. We apology for any inconvenience caused by defective quality. Please try and confirm the commodity with 24 hours before formal use.

Note that we are not responsible for damages, lost profits or any claims by a third party resulting from use of this product.

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Most environmental organizations obey laws, but sometimes members of environmental groups are arrested for civil disobedience. German police arrested protesters who sat an railroad tracks to prevent trains from transporting nuclear materials. In America, some environmentalists have destroyed tractors and other machines used to destroy nature. For these environmentalists, protecting the environment is more important than following laws.

You shoudn't support the most violent environmental organization to fight environmental problems.

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[英語]You want well-connected in this world.


Environmental organizations generally use safer methods to protect the environment. Some groups ask supporters to write letters to protest to newspapers, governments, and polluting companies, and others might organize boycotts of companies that are environmentally destructive. A few groups buy threatened land in order to keep businesses from destroying it.


I have a small favor to ask.
▲a small favor to ask

Your nose hair is showing.

He's well-connected in this business.

This job is going to be a snap.

This album has a lot of memories in it.
▲has 〜 in it

Stick to it this year, no matter what.

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[英語]You can't solve any problem by worrying.


I'll concede that point to you.

I think John is in the right.
▲in the right

It's good to unwind once in a while.

How's the world treating you these days.
▲"How's the world treating you?"="What's up?"/"How is everything?"/"How are you doing?"

Let's start over with a clean slate.
▲a clean slate:白紙の状態のこと

You can't solve any problem by worrying.

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[英語]Show me a liar and I'll show you a "politician"!?


The lies that politicians make during election campaigns are another category of "semi" lies. For example, a certain politician might promise to do a certain thing if elected, but when he is elected he might find that what he promised is either impossible or not sensible. When he turns his pre-election promise into a lie by not carrying out, we could say that the politician was simply making the compromises and practicing the pragmatism which is politics. More cynically, we could say that the politician was a dishonest lier who would promise you anything to get your vote.

This is the problem with lying. In some situations it is impossible to tell with absolute certainly whether someone is lying or telling the truth. More or less, we ourselves are forced to become the ultimate judge of what is the truth and what is a lie. You could say that in a certain situation we create truth and untruth.


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[英語]Nothing is good for nothing.


Why don't you cut to the chase?
▲cut to the chase:本題に入る。

Do I have to spell it out for you?
▲spell out:詳しく説明する。

Let me sleep on the offer.
▲sleep on 〜:〜を一晩寝て考える。

This thing is good for nothing.
▲good for nothing

Nothing can beat a cold beer after work.
▲Nothing can beat 〜:〜に勝るものはない。

Why hesitated? Start practicing.

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[英語]I've got a long way to go.


I'm not persistent like I used to be.
▲not persistent:踏ん張りが利かない。

He's a typical computer nerd.
▲computer nerd:コンピューターオタク

It's written all over your face.
▲be written all over your face

Did he get up on the wrong side of the bed?
▲get up on the wrong side of the bed

You've got a long way to go.
▲a long way to go:まだまだ。

The more you practice, the more confidence you'll have.

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[英語]There's nothing fishy about my story!


There's something fishy about this story.

Take your umbrella with you, just in case.
▲just in case:念のため。

The championship is riding on tonight's game.

She does things flawlessly.

He has mellowed out recently.
▲mellow out:ゆったりする。落ち着く。

Better English will open doors for you.

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[英語]People must look for everything with geographic mind.


Another common error in hand-drown maps is the tendency to make Europe too large and Africa too small. People from all parts of the world tend to drao the world this way, including the Africans! There are several factors that may be involved here. One factor may be the influence of old maps made with the "Mercator projection." This technique for drwingmaps makes areas nearer the North Pole, including Europe, seem extra large. Other areas in the middle, such as Africa, seem smaller than in reality. However, the Mercator maps also enlarge Greenland and Canada, and people usually do not mistakes about their size. Thus, a better explanation must be lie in people's ideas about the relative importance of the continents. The size of Europe tends to be exaggerated because of its importance in people's minds. Similarly, Africa becomes smaller because people feel it is important.

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[英語]Only practice makes you perfect.


Many modern women have the experience of wearing high-heeled shoes. There shoes make women's legs look longer and more beautiful. How were high heels developed?

High heels were born in 16th century France. Originally, they were born by men. At that time, women usually wore very long skirts and didn't think much about shoes. If the women didn't care about shoe fashion, why did the men prefer to wear high heels?

First of all, high heels made it easier to mount a horse. Such heels hooked on to the stirrups more easily than those of low-heeled shoes. Also, the roads in France were muddy at that time, and low-heeled shoes quickly got dirty.

High heels as fashion items were also born in France. Louis XIV was a very short man, and it bothered him very much. He then started to wear high heels, and women around him started to copy him. Since then, high heels have become fashionable all over the world.

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[英語]Don't sweat the small stuff.


She got her eyes from her mother.

Don't sweat the small stuff.

There's no light at the end of the tunnel.

You're better off not knowing.
▲better off not 〜ing:〜しないほうがいい。

I had a heart-to-heart talk with him.


I was at home all the day yesterday.

Sarah is in line to buy a stamp.

Many museum employees assumed that the painting had been taken off the wall by the official museum photographer so that he could take pictures of it in his studio.

One newspaper reported that an American collecter stole the work and would have an exact copy made which would be sent to the museum. The "collector" would then keep the original. Another newspaper said that the entire incident was a practical joke to show how easy it was to steal from the museum.

Perhaps somebody might have seen someone acting suspiciously.

He didn't think such a work by a famous Italian should be kept in France.

What he didn't realize was that while the work was probably painted in Italy, Leonardo tool it with him to France and sold it to King Francis 1 for 4,000 gold coins.

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[英語]Don't slack off.


Are you in line?
▲be in line:列に並んでいる。

This is no time to slack off.
▲slack off:さぼる。

You're being a little too formal.

This movie lives up to its reputation.
▲live up to:期待などに沿う。

I wish you'd cut back on your drinking.
▲cut back on 〜:〜を控える。

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[英語]laestige Sache!?


His story is nothing but a groundless rumor.
▲nothing but 〜:〜のほかは何も…(では)ない。/ただ〜だけ。〜に過ぎない。〜にほかならない。

You're asking for trouble.

How long is that coupon good for?
▲be good for 〜:(ある期間・距離を)持ちこたえられる。(ある期間中)有効である。

Don't rub salt in his wounds.
▲rub salt in someone's wounds:(傷ついた人などを)さらに痛めつける。(事態などを)さらに悪化させる。

Don't shift the blame on me!
▲shift the blame on 〜:〜に責任を転嫁する。


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Do not enter the cab.

The history of Western philosophy began about 2,600 years ago in Greece. The philosophers thought that the things around them --humans, animals, plants, soil, rivers, etc. --looked different, but they came from basic sources, for example, water, air, earth, or fire.
They also thought that there must be something which even death cannot change. In the 5th century BC, Pythagoras said that our souls go to another body after death. Once, observing some people hitting a puppy on the street, he told them to stop. He believed that the puppy had the soul of his dead friend.
Around the 4th century BC, people thought that the world consisted of tiny particles with every being made up of different combinations of there particles.
About a hundred years later, this idea developed into what is known today as "atomism." This word comes from the ancient Greek word "atomos," which means "a thing that cannot be cut into smaller pieces."

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[英語]Under no circunstanses will you be expected from the examination.


I'm not really familier with this town yet.

Droplets and ice crystals behave somewhat like dust in the air made visible in a shaft of sunlight.

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[英語]English in the train!!


This area is a wheelchair space.
In the event that a wheelchair user requires this space, the seat may be folded up to create more room.

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[英語]Would you mind if I smoke here?


A: Would you mind if I switch on the air conditioner?
B: Yes, I would. It is bad for my allergies.
A: I'm sorry to hear that. I will open the window instead.

She told him not to forget to turn off the TV before going to bed.


Let's take a break when it's convenient.

I can't keep up with those guys.
▲keep up with 〜:〜についていく

I must've slept wrong.
▲sleep wrong:寝違える

He's up to his ears in debt.
▲be up to one's ears in debt:借金で首が回らない

Why don't you trade in that old car?
▲trade in 〜:〜を金で取引する。

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[英語]Der Kongress tanzt, aber er kommt nicht vorwaerts.

 英語教育もさることながら、「会議は踊る、されど進まず(Der Kongress tanzt, aber er kommt nicht vorwaerts.)」のウィーン会議状態にずっとなってしまっている。そこで、使えるかどうかを問わず、道端やいろいろな所で目にしたり耳にした英語を記すことにする。ここに記したことぐらいは使えるようになりたいものであるが、さてさて…。

Everyone in the class has to learn the poem by heart.
▲learn by heart:覚える(=memorize)

Here is a piece of advice for you.

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